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COUNTRY UPDATES: Guatemala, Nicaragua, Haiti, Colombia

Ms. Diodora Antonia Hernández Cinto is part of a resistance movement against the human rights violations being committed by the company Montana Exploradora, the subsidiary of Goldcorp Inc that is operating the Marlin mine. On Wednesday, July 7th, 2010 she was shot in the head in her own home.

On July 2, at 4:30pm, on the road from San Antonio to the Marlin mine, Juan Méndez was walking along the street when a truck, labeled "Special," from Perez Transports, approached him. When the truck was 50 feet from Juan, the driver crossed over to the other side of the road and tried to hit him. Juan escaped by climbing up an embankment. Juan is well known for his opposition to the Marlin mine.

On July 5, at 6:30pm, the two daughters of Gregoria Crisanta Pérez, a well-known organizer and activist, were walking home from school in the village of Agel. A car crossed over to their side of the road, with the intent of hitting the girls. It was identified as a Montana/Goldcorp company car.

Edgar Perez, a lawyer in Jennifer Harbury's case, came home with his family two weeks ago to find that his house had been broken into. Some money was stolen from a special closet, but the house was also ransacked. Someone also tampered with his car.

Congress member Nineth Montenegro (co-founder of GAM, the Mutual Support Group, in 1984) continues receiving very serious death threats.


August 3, 2010
This weekly news bulletin is the successor to the Nicaragua News Service and Nicaragua Network Hotline. This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part. Please credit the Nicaragua Network.

1. Ortega visits Lula; agreements signed for hydroelectric dam at Tumarin
2. US approves this year's property waiver
3. Hilda Solis finds "change and much hope" in Nicaragua
4. IMF mission set to arrive August 4
5. Nicaragua: Safest country in Central America
6. Heavy rains affecting harvest
7. Managua celebrates its patron saint

1. Ortega visits Lula; agreements signed for hydroelectric dam at Tumarin

President Daniel Ortega travelled to Brasilia and met with Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on July 28. The two presidents came to agreements on economic cooperation between their countries and on international political issues. President Lula praised the Nicaraguan government's Zero Hunger Program which he noted was patterned on a similar Brazilian effort and promised to help promote exports from Nicaragua to Brazil. The two presidents called in their joint declaration for "a process of re-democratization" of Honduras for that nation to return to the Organization of American States and the Central American Integration System (SICA). They called on Colombia to seek a negotiated peace of its longstanding internal conflict and for Venezuela and Colombia to resume a dialogue leading to the reestablishment of good relations between the two. President Ortega promised to support Brazil's bid to head the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and its inclusion as a permanent member in an expanded UN Security Council.

President Lula said that Brazil was committed to supporting improvements in Nicaragua's infrastructure, including the building of a US$800 million hydroelectric dam on the Rio Grande de Matagalpa at Tumarin in the South Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAS) with US$342 million in financing from the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) and support for further funding in the amount of US$258 million from the Central American Integration Bank (BCIE). The Brazilian companies Electrobras and Queiros Galvao would provide the remaining US$206 million needed to complete the project.

Upon his return to Nicaragua, Ortega gave more details about the Tumarin project at a ceremony in Leon where he gave out titles to properties in the rural areas of the Department. He said that, along with the hydroelectric dam-which will provide 250 megawatts of electricity, one third of Nicaragua's needs-the project includes the paving of 50 kilometers of highway between Rio Blanco and Mulukuku, the guarantee of electricity to the local population, and the building of 200 houses to form a new town that will be called Apaguas. Ortega said that the project is possible because the Regional Council of the RAAS has given its approval. "If they had said no, the project wouldn't go forward," he said, "but they said yes when the project was presented to them." (Radio La Primerisima, July 28, 31; El Nuevo Diario, July 28, 31; La Prensa, July 28)

2. US approves this year's property waiver

The US, on July 29, approved the "waiver" allowing aid and international loans to continue to flow to Nicaragua on the basis that "progress" is being made on resolution of claims filed by US citizens whose property was confiscated by Nicaragua in the 1980s. Most of these citizens were Nicaraguan at the time and later became naturalized US citizens. US law requires aid to be cut off if a country confiscates US citizens' property unless the Secretary of State issues a waiver annually. Last year there were serious concerns that the waiver would not be issued resulting in a trip to the US by Nicaraguan Attorney General Hernan Estrada to meet with government officials. The Nicaragua Network issued an alert resulting in dozens of calls to the State Department as well.

According to the press release from US Ambassador Robert Callahan, in the past 12 months Nicaragua has resolved another 61 cases. In July 2009 Estrada emphasized that the remaining claims were the most difficult. "Of the 269 claimants, only 17 were born in the United States, the rest are old members of Somoza's National Guard which not even the previous [right-wing] governments would pay." In announcing the granting of the waiver, last Thursday, Estrada noted that it will be "difficult" to resolve those cases because the two decrees from 1979 confiscating their property are still in force in Nicaragua. The US embassy press release said 501 claims remain to be resolved. Callahan said, "We are confident that the Government of Nicaragua will be able to resolve most cases."

Estrada's office noted that Nicaragua has paid US$1.228 billion in bonds to resolve the claims, equivalent to most of what it has received in US aid since 1990. At the same time, some Nicaraguan commentators note, the US still owes Nicaragua an estimated $17 billion in reparations for funding the illegal contra war. (Radio La Primerísima, July 29; El Nuevo Diario, July 30)

3. Hilda Solis finds "change and much hope" in Nicaragua

US Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis visited Nicaragua last week where she toured free trade zones in Managua, met with government officials, labor and business leaders to promote the "Better Work" program of the U.S. Department of Labor, the International Labor Organization (ILO) and International Financial Corporation (IFC). She concluded her second visit to the birthplace of her mother, Juana Solis, with a family visit in Jinotgea. She said of her two day visit with aunts and cousins, "They are struggling and they see that there is change in Nicaragua and they have much hope." While there, she visited projects financed by the US and said she encountered much hope among the people, principally the youth. "Nicaragua is a beautiful place with great opportunities not understood by the rest of the world or by my country. Hopefully we will be able to work to create possibilities to be able to work together."

Solis is the first Latina to serve in a cabinet position in a US administration. Born in the US, her father was a Mexican immigrant working as a low paid worker in the garment industry. In a press conference she stated her opposition to Arizona's draconian immigration law SB1070, the most offensive portions of which were blocked by a federal judge from going into effect. "My parents are immigrants," she said. "I am part Nicaraguan, and they arrived in the United States with the American Dream, with the hope to have a better life, the same as many Latin Americans. That is the story of the United States," she said.

Solis met with President Daniel Ortega who said that Nicaragua was honored by the visit of a high official of the Obama administration who had roots in Nicaragua. Ortega said that, "We have made a great effort here in Nicaragua with great understanding and maturity on the part of the workers to give security to business...always prioritizing respect for our labor laws."

While promoting the Better Work program, Solis said it is based on agreements such as those in Nicaragua between factory owners and workers to create conditions for a better life. It is because of its agreements that Nicaragua is the first country in Latin America to be chosen for the "Better Work" program. The other participating countries are Vietnam, Cambodia and Jordan. Nicaraguan Minister of Labor Jeannette Chavez said that the program should lead to better compliance with labor laws but emphasized that the program is non-punitive.

Jose Adan Aguerri, President of the Superior Council of Private Business (COSEP), noted that while the program is voluntary, businesses will gain advantages from international certification. Miguel Ruiz, General Secretary of the Sandinista Workers Central-Jose Benito Escobar (CST-JBE), said the program will promote respect for labor rights, and he hoped it would improve implementation of agreements already signed between factories and workers for a commissary, financing for 100 homes, labor stability, and other promises. (Radio La Primerisima, July 27, 28; El Nuevo Diario, July 28)

4. IMF mission set to arrive August 4

Presidential economic advisor Bayardo Arce said on July 30 that a mission from the International Monetary Fund would arrive in Nicaragua on August 4 for the final review of whether Nicaragua has fulfilled the commitments it made in the economic agreement signed with the IMF in October of 2007. Arce said that Nicaragua had controlled inflation and exceeded its revenue goals, due principally to the increase in exports in the first six months of 2010, to tax reform, and to an increase in foreign assistance. He said that the discussions with the IMF will include issues which are still pending with the institution. A law passed by the National Assembly that permits farmers who are behind in their payments to renegotiate their debts with financial institutions and another law setting up regulations for credit cards have been questioned by the IMF. Another sticking point for the IMF is a monthly US$25 "solidarity payment" to 130,000 government workers with monthly salaries below US$260 that is financed off budget by monies from Venezuela through the Bolivarian Alliance for Our Americas (ALBA).

Arce said that discussions will begin about next year's budget and the new agreement that would be negotiated with the IMF to begin after the current one ends in October. He said the government had proposed that the discussion of changes to Nicaragua's Social Security system be postponed until after next year's elections because the subject is a very politicized one. The government may ask for the current agreement to be extended another year because of the elections.

At the beginning of May, the IMF postponed the fourth review of the program because of concern over the two laws and the "solidarity payments." That, in turn, caused a postponement in the disbursement of US$18 million dollars in loans. Under the current IMF program, Nicaragua received loans in the amount of US$18.6 million in 2007; US$28.9 million in 2008; US$35 million in 2009; and, for 2010, an expected US$36 million (including the suspended US$18 million).

Treasury Minister Alberto Guevara told La Prensa on August 1 that the government would not accept demands by the IMF that the "solidarity payment" be included in the budget. However, he said that he did not believe that this issue would prevent an understanding with the IMF. He said that he expected an "open and frank" dialogue with the mission that would be based on Nicaragua's solid macro-economic, human development and financial plans.

Jose Adan Aguerri, president of the Superior Council of Private Enterprise (COSEP), said that he hoped that Nicaragua would receive approval at this fourth and also fifth review and be able to extend the current program for another year. He said that the government's unwillingness to run the cost of the "solidarity payment" through the budget was because that would mean some of it would have to be diverted in order to comply with current law mandating 4% of the government's budget for the court system and 6% for the universities. (El Nuevo Diario, July 30; Radio La Primerisima, July 30; La Prensa, August 1)

5. Nicaragua: Safest country in Central America

Nicaragua is recognized as the safest country in Central America and now the World Bank, in its publication "Doing Business 2010," says it is also the best country in Central America in which to invest. According to a Nicaraguan government report, these and other factors have influenced the growth in tourism, especially since neighboring countries have suffered a series of "security alerts" issued by foreign governments. Central America has the highest rate of murders in the world and kidnappings for profit have been increasing outside of Nicaragua. Nicaragua has a lower level of common crime, a virtual absence of violent gangs, and less of a problem with drug trafficking than the countries to its north.

El Salvador leads the region in homicides with 76 per 100,000, followed by Honduras and Guatemala with 67 and 48 respectively. This compares to 13 per 100,000 in Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Costa Rica and Guatemala lead the region in car thefts with 6,786 and 6,629 respectively, followed by Honduras with about 3,000 and El Salvador with 1,215. By contrast, Nicaragua had only 455 car thefts during 2009. Nicaragua had no bank robberies and only 6 kidnappings in the same year, and all were resolved.

Another factor in the low crime rate has been the government's program to combat youth crime through working with the community to reintegrate and train at-risk youth rather than through repressive policing and judicial strategies. Over 2,000 youth have stopped participating in delinquent groups and many thousands have received preventative attention. Also important, according to the government report, is its policy of "zero tolerance" of corruption and its strong enforcement against drugs, drug trafficking, and organized crime. (Radio La Primerisima, Aug. 2)

6. Heavy rains affecting harvest

The heavy rains that Nicaragua has experienced during the current rainy season have affected the first harvest of the year of basic grains; estimates on how much the losses will be range from 3% to 50%. Minister of Agriculture Ariel Bucardo said that the harvest is going well in spite of some problems because of the rains, but he noted that it was better than drought. Salvador Castillo, vice-president of the Association of Producers of Esteli, said that farmers could lose 25% of their bean harvest and 50% of their harvest of corn. Agriculture Minister representative for Esteli Jose Angel Rugama, however, estimated a 3% loss but said that if the crops are not managed properly, a much greater loss could result. Concerns about loss of bean and corn crops have also been voiced by farmers in the Departments of Chinandega and Carazo.

In the mountainous Department of Matagalpa, Jose Solorzano, departmental president of the Union of Farmers and Ranchers (UNAG), said that losses in his department "are minimal and fundamentally in those zones where planting was on level ground." He said that "the development of the corn and the beans is going well," and added that the rains had greatly benefited the pastures of dairy farmers and cattle ranchers. In the Department of Granada, both rice and corn have benefitted from the heavy rains, according to Roberto Maltez of the local Agriculture Ministry office. (La Prensa, August 1; Radio La Primerisima, July 30)

7. Managua celebrates its patron saint

If the news was a bit slow this week, it was due to the yearly celebration of the feast of the Patron Saint of Managua, St. Dominick of Guzman, a Spaniard who founded the Catholic Dominican Order in Italy in the 13th century. A small statue of the saint was discovered by a woodcutter on a hill near Managua in 1885. The statue is carried each year 10 kilometers from a church in the hills south of Managua to the Church of Santo Domingo in the capital city by the faithful accompanied by flowers, music, dancing, and praying for miracles. Many of those who accompany the statue tell stories of cures that they believe the saint was able to obtain for them. The statue remains in the Managua church for ten days before being returned to its home in the hills. Accusations of political manipulation of the feast day were not lacking, of course. La Prensa complained of the stop the statue made in front of the home of Lenin Cerna, organizational director of the Sandinista Party, and of the role of Sandinista Managua Mayor Daisy Torres given that she is an evangelical, not a Catholic. (Radio La Primerisima, Aug. 2; La Prensa, Aug. 1)


=================== HAITI August 2, 2010 by Charlie Hinton, with editing assistance from Kiilu Nyasha To cut to the chase, no election in Haiti, and no candidate in those elections, will be considered legitimate by the majority of Haiti’s population, unless it includes the full and fair participation of the Fanmi Lavalas Party of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Fanmi Lavalas is unquestionably the most popular party in the country, yet the “international community,” led by the United States, France and Canada, has done everything possible to undermine Aristide and Lavalas, overthrowing him twice by military coups in 1991 and 2004 and banishing Aristide, who now lives in South Africa with his family, from the Americas. A United Nations army, led by Brazil, still occupies Haiti six years after the coup. Their unstated mission, under the name of “peacekeeping,” is to suppress the popular movement and prevent the return to power of Aristide’s Lavalas Party. One must understand a Wyclef Jean candidacy, first of all, in this context. Every election since a 67 percent majority first brought Aristide to power in 1990 has demonstrated the enormous popularity of the Lavalas movement. When Lavalas could run, they won overwhelmingly. In 2006, when security conditions did not permit them to run candidates, they voted and demonstrated to make sure Rene Preval, a former Lavalas president, was re-elected. Preval, however, turned against those who voted for him. He scheduled elections for 12 Senate seats in 2009 and supported the Electoral Council’s rejection of all Lavalas candidates. Lavalas called for a boycott, and as few as 3 percent of Haitians voted, with fewer than 1 percent voting in the runoff, once again demonstrating the people’s love and respect for President Aristide. When Lavalas candidates were barred from the ballot for the Senate election of April 19, 2009, almost no one voted; even some poll workers refused to vote. That's how loyal Haitians are to the Lavalas Party. - Photo: Alice SmeetsFanmi Lavalas has already been banned from the next round of elections, so enter Wyclef Jean. Jean comes from a prominent Haitian family that has virulently opposed Lavalas since the 1990 elections. His uncle is Raymond Joseph – also a rumored presidential candidate – who became Haitian ambassador to the United States under the coup government and remains so today. Kevin Pina writes in “It’s not all about that! Wyclef Jean is fronting in Haiti,” Joseph is “the co-publisher of Haiti Observateur, a right-wing rag that has been an apologist for the killers in the Haitian military going back as far as the brutal coup against Aristide in 1991. “On Oct. 26 [2004] Haitian police entered the pro-Aristide slum of Fort Nationale and summarily executed 13 young men. Wyclef Jean said nothing. On Oct. 28 the Haitian police executed five young men, babies really, in the pro-Aristide slum of Bel Air. Wyclef said nothing. If Wyclef really wants to be part of Haiti’s political dialogue, he would acknowledge these facts. Unfortunately, Wyclef is fronting.” As if to prove it, the Miami Herald reported on Feb. 28, 2010, “Secret polling by foreign powers in search of a new face to lead Haiti’s reconstruction …” might favor Jean’s candidacy, as someone with sufficient name recognition who could draw enough votes to overcome another Lavalas electoral boycott. Wyclef Jean supported the 2004 coup. When gun-running former army and death squad members trained by the CIA were overrunning Haiti’s north on Feb. 25, 2004, MTV’s Gideon Yago wrote, “Wyclef Jean voiced his support for Haitian rebels on Wednesday, calling on embattled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to step down and telling his fans in Haiti to ‘keep their head up’ as the country braces itself for possible civil war.” During the Obama inaugural celebration, Jean famously and perversely serenaded Colin Powell, the Bush administration secretary of state during the U.S. destabilization campaign and eventual coup against Aristide, with Bob Marley’s “Redemption Song.” Jean also produced the movie, “The Ghosts of Cite Soleil,” an anti-Aristide and Lavalas hit piece, which tells us that President Aristide left voluntarily, without mention of his kidnapping by the U.S. military, and presents the main coup leaders in a favorable light. It features interviews with sweatshop owners Andy Apaid and Charles Henry Baker without telling us they hate Aristide because he raised the minimum wage and sought to give all Haitians a seat at the table by democratizing Haiti’s economy, a program opposed by the rich in Haiti. It uncritically interviews coup leader Louis Jodel Chamblain, without telling us he worked with the Duvalier dictatorship’s brutal militia, the Tonton Macoutes, in the 1980s; that following the coup against Aristide in 1991, he was the “operations guy” for the FRAPH paramilitary death squad, accused of murdering uncounted numbers of Aristide supporters and introducing gang rape into Haiti as a military weapon. Wyclef Jean’s movie, “The Ghosts of Cite Soleil,” an anti-Aristide and Lavalas hit piece, features interviews with sweatshop owners Andy Apaid and Charles Henry Baker without telling us they hate Aristide because he raised the minimum wage and sought to give all Haitians a seat at the table by democratizing Haiti’s economy, a program opposed by the rich in Haiti. It uncritically interviews coup leader Guy Phillipe, without telling us he’s a former Haitian police chief who was trained by U.S. Special Forces in Ecuador in the early 1990s or that the U.S. embassy admitted that Phillipe was involved in the transhipment of narcotics, one of the key sources of funds for paramilitary attacks on the poor in Haiti. Wyclef runs the Yele Haiti Foundation, which the Washington Post reported on Jan. 16, 2010, is under fiscal scrutiny because “(i)t seems clear that a significant amount of the monies that this charity raises go for costs other than providing benefits to Haitians in need … In 2006, Yele Haiti had about $1 million in revenue, according to tax documents. More than a third of the money went to payments to related parties, said lawyer James Joseph … (T)he charity recorded a payment of $250,000 to Telemax, a TV station and production company in Haiti in which Jean and Jerry Duplessis, both members of Yele Haiti’s board of directors, had a controlling interest. The charity paid about $31,000 in rent to Platinum Sound, a Manhattan recording studio owned by Jean and Duplessis. And it spent an additional $100,000 for Jean’s performance at a benefit concert in Monaco.” A foundation spokesperson “said the group hopes to spend a higher percentage of its budget on services as it gains experience.” The floating of his candidacy is just one more effort by the international forces, desperate to put a smiley face on a murderous military occupation, to undermine the will of the Haitian majority by making Wyclef Jean the Ronald Reagan of Haiti. The floating of his candidacy is just one more effort by the international forces, desperate to put a smiley face on a murderous military occupation, to undermine the will of the Haitian majority by making Wyclef Jean the Ronald Reagan of Haiti. Let us be clear. Jean and his uncle, the Haitian ambassador to the U.S., are both cozy with the self-appointed czar of Haiti, Bill Clinton, whose plans for the Caribbean nation are to make it a neo-colony for a reconstructed tourist industry and a pool of cheap labor for U.S. factories. Wyclef Jean is the perfect front man. The Haitian elite and its U.S./U.N. sponsors are counting on his appeal to the youth to derail the people’s movement for democracy and their call for the return of President Aristide. Most Haitians will not be hoodwinked by the likes of Wyclef Jean. Charlie Hinton is a member of the Haiti Action Committee and works at Inkworks Press, a worker owned and managed printing company in Berkeley. He may be reached at On Aug 4, 2010, at 4:49 PM, Brian O'Connell wrote: This definitely takes the cake as most interesting story of the day: Musician Wyclef Jean to run for Haiti president Wyclef is a popular figure in his home country. Haitian-born musician Wyclef Jean has said he will run for president of the earthquake-hit Caribbean country. The Fugees star will officially announce his candidacy on Larry King's CNN show on Thursday, media reports say. Haiti is scheduled to elect a new leader on 28 November. The country was hit by a devastating earthquake in January which killed more than 250,000 people. Wyclef, who is ambassador-at-large of Haiti, told Time magazine that the devastation that followed the earthquake had motivated him to make a bid for the leadership. "If not for the earthquake, I probably would have waited another 10 years before doing this," Jean said. "The quake drove home to me that Haiti can't wait another 10 years for us to bring it into the 21st Century." Wyclef, who lives in New York, is founder of the humanitarian Yele Haiti Foundation, and has played a prominent role in securing aid since the earthquake that left 1.5 million people homeless. The singer and producer, who left Haiti as a child and grew up in Brooklyn, also plans to build a bridge between the Haiti and the Haitian diaspora in the US. 'Secret weapon' Wyclef is hugely popular in Haiti where half of the population is under 21-years-old. He told Time his secret weapon in the election campaign would be that Haiti's "enormous youth population doesn't believe in politicians any more". Others who have declared their candidacy include the former diplomat Garaudy Laguerre and Raymond Joseph, Haiti's current ambassador to the US and Wyclef's uncle. Other likely candidates include former prime ministers and another popular Haitian musician, Michel Martelly, also known as "Sweet Micky". Candidates have until 7 August to register. Current President Rene Preval is barred by the constitution from seeking a new term. ================================= COLOMBIA From Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT) in Colombia One year later: Palm, Displacement, and Murder Julie Myers Listen to this: ( July 14th marked one year since the displacement of the Las Pavas community from their land. One year since the riot police showed up and forced 123 families out of their homes. One year since 60 hectares of their food crops were uprooted, 14 homes were demolished, their trees were cut down, and everything was burned. One year since the families began sleeping under plastic tarps, displaced from their ravaged land. A lot can change in a year, but unfortunately, a lot has remained the same. A mono-crop of oil palm, the invasive export crop fueling the “green revolution” in the global north, continues to fill the once diverse land of Las Pavas with oil that is sold to The Body Shop to make cosmetics. [Mono-cropping is the practice of large-scale planting of one crop year after year, leading to a depletion of nutrients in the soil, as well as increased vulnerability to disease and pests. It is a large agricultural business model used to increase their efficiency and profits, but destroys the livelihood of small-scale farmers.] Meanwhile, in the department of Sucre, the farmers of La Alemania farm are slowly returning to their land, after paramilitaries violently displaced them ten years ago. But their return is not without consequences. On May 18th, five masked gunmen killed Rogelio Martinez, a campesino leader and human rights activist of La Alemania. Martinez had accompanied families back to their farms. For refusing to accept the theft of his land, he was killed. And he is not the only casualty from the La Alemania farm; paramilitaries have murdered fifteen people of that farm in their struggle for land since 1998. Martinez is the 45th human rights activist murdered in Colombia in the last year and over 400 have received threats. Not a single arrest has been made. These are not unrelated events. In a country where less than half a percent of landowners own 61% of rural land[1](, the continual displacement of campesino communities in Colombia is a strategic one. In Las Pavas, it was to make way for oil palm planting by the Daabon company. The oil is then sold to The Body Shop to make cosmetics. In the department of Sucre, the fertile land is rapidly being usurped for mega-projects like mono-cropping. Rogelio Martinez was murdered because the land is valuable to big business. It is very possible that the farm of La Alemania is intended for oil palm as well. Where do we go from here? First check out Las Pavas´s message entitled, “Listen to us our dear friends” . Secondly, keep in eye open for news and action request in solidarity with the Las Pavas community. We can't wait until more human rights and land rights activists like Rogelio are murdered. They pay for their resistance with death. We must join their struggle for justice.

Posted by: IFCLA1 on Aug 06, 10 | 9:01 am | Profile


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